Glossary of Terms Used in Pharmaceutical Standards and the Pharma Industry

glossary list used in pharma standards ,pharma industry .and terminologies used in pharmaceuticals industry with short definition of abbreviation



12/27/20233 min read

assorted medication materials
assorted medication materials


The pharmaceutical industry is a highly regulated sector that requires adherence to strict standards and guidelines. As such, there are numerous terminologies and abbreviations used within the industry that may be unfamiliar to those outside of it. This glossary aims to provide a comprehensive list of common terms and abbreviations used in pharmaceutical standards and the pharma industry, along with their short definitions.


1. API

Abbreviation for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient. It is the biologically active component in a drug product that produces the intended therapeutic effect.

2. GMP

Abbreviation for Good Manufacturing Practice. GMP is a system of quality assurance that ensures pharmaceutical products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards appropriate for their intended use.

3. FDA

Abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration. The FDA is a regulatory agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of pharmaceutical drugs, medical devices, food, cosmetics, and other products.

4. ICH

Abbreviation for the International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use. The ICH is a global organization that brings together regulatory authorities and the pharmaceutical industry to develop and promote harmonized guidelines and standards for the development, registration, and post-approval of pharmaceutical products.

5. NDA

Abbreviation for New Drug Application. An NDA is a submission to the FDA that is required to obtain approval for the marketing of a new pharmaceutical product in the United States.

6. OTC

Abbreviation for Over-the-Counter. OTC drugs are medications that can be purchased without a prescription from a healthcare professional.

7. SOP

Abbreviation for Standard Operating Procedure. SOPs are detailed, written instructions that define the steps to be followed for specific operations or processes within a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility.

8. QC

Abbreviation for Quality Control. QC refers to the processes and procedures used to ensure the quality of a pharmaceutical product.

9. QMS

Abbreviation for Quality Management System. A QMS is a set of policies, processes, and procedures implemented by a pharmaceutical company to ensure that its products consistently meet the required quality standards.

10. HPLC

Abbreviation for High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. HPLC is a technique used in pharmaceutical analysis to separate, identify, and quantify the components of a mixture.

11. CRO

Abbreviation for Contract Research Organization. A CRO is a company that provides outsourced research services to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries.

12. API

Abbreviation for Application Programming Interface. In the context of the pharmaceutical industry, an API refers to a set of rules and protocols that allow different software applications to communicate with each other.

13. DCGI

Abbreviation for the Drug Controller General of India. The DCGI is the regulatory authority in India responsible for the approval of drugs, clinical trials, and the regulation of pharmaceuticals.

14. NCE

Abbreviation for New Chemical Entity. An NCE refers to a drug that contains an active ingredient that has never been approved for marketing in any form before.

15. PPE

Abbreviation for Personal Protective Equipment. PPE refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection.

16. R&D

Abbreviation for Research and Development. R&D in the pharmaceutical industry refers to the activities undertaken to discover, develop, and bring new drugs to the market.

17. PAT

Abbreviation for Process Analytical Technology. PAT is a system for designing, analyzing, and controlling pharmaceutical manufacturing processes through the measurement of critical process parameters and quality attributes.

18. CMC

Abbreviation for Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls. CMC refers to the section of a drug application that provides information about the drug substance, drug product, and manufacturing processes.

19. Pharmacovigilance

Pharmacovigilance is the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding, and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug-related problems.

20. GCP

Abbreviation for Good Clinical Practice. GCP is an international ethical and scientific quality standard for designing, conducting, recording, and reporting clinical trials involving human subjects.


This glossary provides a brief overview of some of the common terms and abbreviations used in pharmaceutical standards and the pharma industry. Familiarity with these terms is essential for professionals working in the pharmaceutical sector to ensure compliance with regulations and maintain high-quality standards in the production of pharmaceutical products.